August 12, 2020 ~ Sh REEH. M: BAYAT or RAST.

Passover

Passover: The Holiday of Our Freedom

Introduction by Sam Catton

The first of our festivals is the Holiday of Passover in which God showed His might in Egypt for the sake of His preferred people. We were lowly slaves in the land of Egypt and our enslavers were desirous of destroying our existence as a Nation.

The Almighty did not forget His promise to Abraham and with his great power, redeemed us from our slavery in Egypt.

The observance of this Holiday has many aspects which are very well-known. The first of which is to recite the HAGGADAH, in which we tell the story of our miraculous delivery from Egypt to our children in order to establish for all generations to come the basis of our faith in God, and the reason of our existence as a free people. Only "Kosher for Passover" foods and beverages may be consumed or even present in our households.

As we came out of Egypt some 3,400 years ago, the sun of freedom broke out and shined upon us. It was truly the miracle of all time. The Talmud states that "in the month of Nissan we were redeemed and we will once again be redeemed in this same month." May the Almighty hasten that day.

Passover, the Festival of Massot, begins on 15 Nissan.

1938 and 1939 Hazzanut Notes of H Moshe Ashear for Shabbat Haghadol.

Pizmonim for Passover according to Sassoon Manuscript #647, Aleppo, circa 1850.

Prayers

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
Haggadah 2300 H2 הגדה Maqam Rahawi Nawah G. Shrem
Max E Tawil- Magid
Haggadah הגדה H2 קידוש Maqam Ajam M. Tawil
D Binker
Haggadah 2302 כי לא נאה Maqam Ajam G. Shrem
I Cabasso
Song of Songs 3006 SS1 שיר השירים Maqam Bayat. Read every Friday night. G. Shrem
Recording
Recording
Max E Tawil- Shir Hashirim
H Baruch Ben Haim
Felix Tourgeman- Chapter 8
Salem Aisbeda, 1911- Shir Hashirim 1:1-8
H Zaki Sardar - Full
Haggadah 2304 H40 מן יעלם ומן ידרי Arabic. D Binker
Tehillim 107 174 מזמור קז - מזמור לחג הפסח This psalm speaks of those who are saved for four specific perilous situations (imprisonment, sickness, desert travel, and sea travel). It is appropriate to praise God in public for getting you through these situations. Recited on Pesah. Aleppo Codex Max E Tawil
H Baruch Ben Haim
הודו

Pizmonim

Section Pizmon Page Song CommentaryRecordings Application
Rast 132 120 יחיד נורא Raphael Tabbush This jovial pizmon (RAST, page 120), composed by H Raphael Antebi Tabbush (deceased December 1918) of Aleppo, Syria, is one of the most important and popular songs for the festival of Pesah. There are four stanzas in this pizmon; corresponding to the four letter of name of God (Tetragrammaton). Within each stanza, there are multiple rhyming clauses. Although the melody of this song should not be applied to any of the pieces of prayers, this pizmon is used for the PIZMON SEFER TORAH (typically on Shabbat HaHodesh or 1-2 Pesah). Many aspects of the month of Nisan, including the Haggadah and the counting of the Omer, are alluded to in this special pizmon. In general, the composer gives praise to God for all of His kindness to mankind, and specifically to the Jewish nation for the Exodus from Egypt and the splitting of the sea. Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Fule Yanani
S. Salem
M. Kairey
Albert Cohen Saban
G. Shrem
Recording
I Cabasso
Ajam 220 175 אל מלא הנחסר El Male Hanehsar (AJAM, page 175) is a pizmon for the Pesah festival. This song, most probably composed by H Raphael Antebi Tabbush (d. 1918), has the acrostic of God’s name; first the word אהי״ה and then also the name יהו״ה. The song, which starts with “God, who fills the emptiness,” continues to list His attributes and how it relates to the Pesah festival; freeing His nation, settling them, etc. As a result of this kindness, the people give praise to Him (Hallel) and offer him the Pesah sacrifice. The second verse of the song does not allude to Pesah, but rather the day to day life of relying on God; calling out to Him; asking Him not to hold His hand back or delay from performing miracles, because the morning is coming and we, His chosen nation, need help right away. The melody of this song can be applied to El Hahodaot or Rau Banim for services in Maqam AJAM in close proximity to Pesah. I. Cabasso
E. Menaged
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
אל ההודאות
Nahwand 278 216 רחום אתה Raphael Tabbush "Rahum Ata" (NAHWAND, page 216) is composed by H Rephael Tabbush (Aleppo, ~1830 - Cairo, 1918), author of the "Shir Ushbaha" pizmonim book (1888). According to the notes of H Moshe Ashear, this song is reserved for Shabbat Beshalah (Shabbat Shira), and the Seventh Day of Pesah. There are 4 stanzas in this pizmon; corresponding to ר-פ-א-ל. The melody of this pizmon is called "Bafta Hindi," and can be applied to Mimisrayim on weeks of Maqam NAHWAND. "Merciful are You for redeeming us from captivity," the pizmon opens; referring to the captivity of slavery under Pharaoh. The second verse is a prayer to redeem us now and to send Eliahu the Prophet to herald the redemption. After we hear of the redemption, the third verse says that we will sing praises to God. The fourth verse mentions how on the seventh day after the Exodus, God rescued our nation by overpowering nature and splitting the Red Sea. Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript I. Cabasso
M Kairey
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
G. Shrem
Recording
Musa Camjagi- Semehim
I Cabasso
ממצרים
Bayat 319 246 מעזי אז כלה קץ Raphael Tabbush “Mauzi,” or “My Fortress” (BAYAT, page 246), is a song that is very popular. H Raphael Tabbush is likely the author of this pizmon, but this is uncertain. The melody of this song is from the Arabic song “Baladi Askara Min Araf il Lama.” This song is associated with the Shalosh Regalim festivals due to a brief reference to them. The melody of this pizmon is typically applied to Shav’at Aniyim for weeks of Maqam BAYAT. Despite this being a song for the most happy of holidays, this song is actually very sad. It asks why has God abandoned us and why has the Messiah not yet arrived? It describes how our enemies have taken over our vineyards and have killed us. The climax of the song, “Al Damam,” describes how “my tears fall on their blood" (the blood of fellow Jews) and how our tears are enough to fill rivers. The four verse piece concludes with an open question: “Where has my Beloved gone; to Whom I rejoice three times a year?” Commentary on Pizmon N. Salem
Vital Israel
E. Menaged
Fule Yanani
I. Cabasso- Shav'at
G. Shrem
Recording
R Barzani- Shaveat
I Cabasso
E Sayegh
D Binker
שועת עניים
Rahawi Nawah 436 359 אמונים ערכו שבח אהרן כהן Emunim (RAHAW, page 359), or "The Faithful," is an important Sephardic hymn for Pesah; specifically for the Leil HaSeder. It can be found in Mahzor Aram Soba (1527), making it one of our oldest pizmonim still in active transmission. It has the acrostic of "Aharon Kohen." Each of the 7 stanzas end with the words "Va'amartem Zebah Pesah..." (ואמרתם זבח פסח); referring to the commandment mentioned in Exodus 12:27 to offer the Qorban Pesah to God. Other Missvot relating to Pesah are also referred to, such as, eating Massa and Maror, drinking the four cups of wine, and retelling of the story of the exodus from Egypt (ending with receiving the Torah). The last verse ends "Your doings are wondrous; Your miracles are powerful; all those who seek refuge in You will say 'It is good to take refuge in the Lord' (Psalm 118:8)." The hymn is traditionally sung at the Seder in the Magid portion, and the melody of this hymn is applied to the prayers for Semehim of Shabbat Hagadol, and Naqdishakh of Ereb Pesah. Mahzor Aram Soba 1527 Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Recording
M Habusha
שמחים
Rahawi Nawah 438 361 בנה לי זבול משכני רפאל חזק Pesah melody. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 British Library Or. 10375 G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Isaac Cabasso- Rau Banim
D Binker
נקדישך
Rahawi Nawah 439 361 מי ימלל Mordechai Abadi This pizmon, (Maqam NAWAH, page 361), is composed by H Mordekhai Abadi (Aleppo, 1826, - Jerusalem, 1884), author of "Dibre Mordekhai," and other Halakha responsa. There are a total of 5 stanzas in this pizmon; corresponding to מ-ר-ד-כ-י. "Who can recount the strengths and wonders of the most perfect and wise?" the poem begins, and then proceeds to list the miracles that God orchestrated as the Children of Israel leave Egypt. Starting with the third stanza, the 10 plagues that occurred in Egypt are poetically described. In the last verse, after the festival of Pesah is mentioned, there is a reference to the belief that Pesah, a time of a previous redemption, will be the season in the future when "we will be redeemed." As per the Hazzanut notes of H Moshe Ashear, this song is reserved for Shabbat Bo and Shabbat Hagadol. The Ades synagogue in Jerusalem, however, has a tradition of using this song one week earlier on Shabbat Vaera. Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yosef Hamaoui
G. Shrem
Fule Yanani
G. Shrem
Recording
Y Nahari
I Cabasso
Maury Blanco
ממצרים
Saba 485 400 אל בידו אליהו חזק "El Beyado Yado Yado," (SABA, page 400) translated as "God, with His hand, will redeem Israel his servant" is used to herald the month of Nisan, the month of redemption, and the Pesah festival. The acrostic of this song is "Eliahou Hazaq" (אליהו חזק); referring to Eliahou HaNabi, the one who will announce the redemption. The author of this song is most probably H Raphael Antebi Tabbush from Aleppo, Syria. The melody of this is from the Arabic song "Hai Kardo Kardo." Originally, there were two separate texts written for this melody; one entitled "Beyado" (not discussing the month of Nisan) and the other called "El Beyado." Eventually, the author merged the two songs into one; retaining the first stanza of the "Beyado" song (אהבתיך צור ידידי) and putting it into the holiday-oriented "El Beyado" song. This pizmon can be sung as PIZMON SEFER TORAH on the Shabbat prior to Rosh Hodesh Nisan, and the melody of this pizmon, as per H Isaac Cabasso, can be applied to Mimisrayim on Shabbat Hagadol. Hamaoui Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript Tabbush Manuscript G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
G. Shrem
Recording
Y Nahari
I Cabasso
כתר
Saba 511 427 רצני אהוב Ezra Dweck and Gabriel Shrem In honor of Hakham Baruch Ben-Haim when his son, Eli Ben Haim was born. Also, a song for the month of Nissan. Leaflet Photograph of H Barukh Ben Haim G. Shrem Part 1
G. Shrem Part 2
G. Shrem 2
G. Shrem
Recording
Eliahou Ozen- Qaddish
Isaac Cabasso- Qaddish
Shrem and Cabby
E Sayegh
הללויה
Sigah 518 435 אתה מרום Shalosh Regalim. Not clear if should be classified as Sigah. Some say Maqam Kuzam. Tabbush Manuscript E. Menaged
G. Shrem
M. Kairey
G. Shrem
Recording
קדיש
1260 אל שוכן שמים ואחר כותלנו אהרון Maqam Rast Yabess Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Recording
שועת עניים
391.083 239a מה נאזר Maqam Bayat For Passover and Succot. Argentinian book page 120. Shir Ushbaha, 1921 British Library Or. 10375 F. Yanani
Rahawi Nawah 437 360 מלך המפואר משה חזק Rahawi. Rosh Hashana, but also may be used for Pesah. Attiah Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript A Z Idelsohn notes, 1923 G. Shrem
G. Shrem 2
G. Shrem
Recording
שמחים
Sigah 521 437 יונה יקושה יום טוב Attiah Manuscript Yabess Manuscript Abraham Sitehon Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Maftirim
R. Elnadav
M Habusha
Sigah 540 449 ארך זמני Pesah association. Fule Yanani
I. Cabasso
I. Cabasso- Shav'at
G. Shrem
Recording
Recording
שועת עניים
1502 יחיד פסח בליל פסח Maqam Iraq Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Mosseri-Kozli Manuscript Shaar Binyamin (Mexico)
2064 נפלאות אל בארץ חם נסים חזק Maqam Hoseni Yabess Manuscript Shaar Binyamin (Mexico)
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