September 15, 2019 ~ Shabbat KI TABO. Maqam SIGAH.

Shabbat Reeh - שבת ראה

Maqam BAYAT / RAST

The Path

וסרתם מן הדרך - In the wilderness of Phoenix, Arizona, I used to hike Squaw Peak every week. When climbing this mountain, there was a designated path to get to the top, and this is the trail that everyone took. One time, however, thinking that I can beat the system by getting to the top quicker, I intentionally went off the path. Big mistake. The amount of times that I slipped on loose rocks causing me to land in thorns of cactus are too numerous to count. This experience caused me to understand the concept mentioned in Deuteronomy 11:28 about "straying off the path" (וסרתם מן הדרך) and the danger of pursuing ways "that you don't know" (אשר לא ידעתם). For me, this parable represents the choice of "paths" that we all have. It is the Torah's recommendation (for our own sake) that we choose a path that is most familiar to us, our families, and our community, and not an alien one; often a path to nowhere. Beth Torah Bulletin, August 19, 2017.

Evaluations

ודרשת וחקרת ושאלת היטב - "Innocent until proven guilty" (Presumption of Innocence) has become the standard when conducting civil affairs. Although this idea is attributed to Julius Paulus Prudentissimus, a third century Roman jurist, who said "burden of proof is on he who declares, not on he who denies," this very principle can be traced back to the Torah. In the case of wicked people who proselytize to "worship foreign gods," the death penalty is applied only after intense scrutiny. This harsh verdict, as per Deuteronomy 13:15, is delivered only after "you investigate (ודרשת), and you inquire (וחקרת), and you interrogate thoroughly (ושאלת היטב)." To maintain absolute justice in society, extreme care is always given to the investigation process in order to make sure that no one is ever punished in error. This also teaches us never to jump to conclusions. In any scenario, we must always make sure to thoroughly evaluate all the facts prior to making decisions. Beth Torah Bulletin, August 11, 2018.

Safeguard

שמור את חדש האביב - One holiday, I got an Aliya, and the letter Shin (ש) from "Shamor Et Hodesh HaAbib" (Deuteronomy 16:1) caught my eye as being the first letter of the page. Years later, in a discussion with Mr Norman Didia, he explained to me that every page in the Sefer Torah starts with the letter Vav (Vavei HaAmudim), except for about 5 spots (varying between Torah Scrolls). When he tested me where I thought those spots were, I immediately said that one of them was "Shamor Et Hodesh HaAbib" and he was impressed. The exceptions to this rule can be remembered with the mnemonic בי״ה שמ״ו. Regarding the letter Shin, there are about 5 opinions of where it could be the opening letter of the page. They are: "Shemor-Lekha" (Exodus 34:11), "Shenei HaSeirim" (Leviticus 16:8), "Shemor VeShama'ta" (Deuteronomy 12:28), "Shamor Et Hodesh HaAbib" in (Deuteronomy 16:1), or "Shofetim VeShoterim" (Deuteronomy 16:18). Tiqqun Highlights, Beth Torah Bulletin, August 31, 2019.


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