December 11, 2018 ~ Shabbat VAYIGASH. Maqam BAYAT.

Shabbat Vayera - שבת וירא

Maqam NAWAH

Extreme Kindness

והוא ישב פתח האהל כחם היום - Abraham’s trait of extreme kindness (חסד) is what qualifies him to be considered “the father of our nation.” In Micah 7:20, it is his Hesed (תתן אמת ליעקב חסד לאברהם) that most exemplifies him for posterity. In Genesis 18, when it comes to his hospitality, Abraham plays a very active role in the process by standing at the entrance of his tent to actively seek to invite guests (וישא עיניו וירא). Abraham seeks these guests specifically at noon (כחם היום); the hottest and most uncomfortable part of the day to be outdoors. Not only did Abraham perform these acts alone, but he positively influences others to rush (מהרי) and partake in these experiences. It is because of acts like these as well as knowing that Abraham “observes God’s path” (ושמרו דרך ה׳ לעשות צדקה ומשפט) that God is hesitant to withhold anything from Abraham (המכסה אני מאברהם) and decides to confide in him about future events. Beth Torah Bulletin, 11/4/17.

Remained Standing

ואברהם עודנו עמד לפני ה׳ - "And Abraham remained standing before God" is the last part of Genesis 18:22. According to the Tiqqun Soferim (as cited by Rashi), however, the original text read "And God remained standing before Abraham," but it was later changed. Tiqqun Soferim refers to about 18 scribal changes made to the Tanakh for various reasons. According to this tradition, the two subjects are reversed, and the word 'God' is replaced with 'Abraham' in order to preserve the honor of God. Rather than write that God remained standing before Abraham, the scholars didn't want to give the impression that God was waiting for a human (which can be viewed as disrespectful). Despite all this, there is absolutely no evidence in the Septuagint, Samaritan Pentateuch, the Dead Sea Scrolls, or any other known ancient sources that there was ever an original Torah text reading "And God remained standing before Abraham." Tiqqun Highlights, Beth Torah Bulletin, October 27, 2018.

Lot's Contribution

וישקף על פני סדם ועמרה - As Abraham witnesses the devastation of Sodom (Genesis 19:28), we can only imagine the sense of failure that he experiences for a calamity that should have been avoided. Abraham only has the audacity to petition God to spare Sodom, because he assumes that his former confidant, Lot, after many years together, has become a role model and positive influence on his society. It comes as a disappointment when it is apparent that Lot has accomplished absolutely nothing; not following Abraham's example of steering people towards the path of righteousness. As the descendants of Abraham, we have been blessed with many fine role models who actively shape our lives. Unlike Lot, who laid low and contributed nothing to his society, we must actively seek ways to become those role models and make a positive impact on the lives of those around us (Beth Torah, 11/19/16). 


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